There are two Splenius muscles: Capitis and Cervicis. These are broad and thin muscles, getting their name from the Greek word splenium, meaning bandage.
The Capitis attaches at the occipital bone and the mastoid process; and the Cervicus originates on the cervical spine.
The Splenius muscles make up the second layer (out of four) of muscles in the neck. They are just under the most superficial layer of Traps and Rhomboids.
When the Splenius work together, they extend the neck, i.e. the head moves back.
When we sit in front of a computer for too long, the Splenius muscles are contracted (shortened), and develop chronic tension.
These muscles are notorious for developing trigger points which refer pain to the top of the head, or to the eyes. The Splenius muscles are often responsible for tension headaches.
Trigger Points Referral Pain in the Splenius:
Solution for Trigger Point and Tension Relief in the Splenius:
1. Posture. Good postural habits while sitting reduce tension in these muscles. Remind yourself to keep your head up and balanced on top of your spine instead of letting it drop it forward.
2. Massage / Neuromuscular Therapy with Trigger Point Release.
Our therapists will be able to release trigger points in the Splenius muscles, and help get rid of the chronic tension.