There are two Splenius muscles: Capitis and Cervicis. They are broad and thin, getting their name from the Greek word splenium, meaning bandage. Capitis attaches at the occipital bone and the mastoid process; and Cervicus originates on the cervical spine (the neck).
The Splenius make up the second layer (out of four) of muscles in the neck. They are just under the most superficial layer of Traps and Rhomboids.
When the Splenius work together, they extend the neck, i.e. the head moves back. When we sit in front of a computer too long, the Splenius are contracted in the shortened position, and develop chronic tension. They are notorious for having trigger points which refer pain to the top of the head, or to the eyes. The Splenius are often responsible for tension headaches.
Trigger Points Referral Pain in the Splenius:
Our Solution for Trigger Point and Tension Relief in the Splenius:
1. Posture. Good postural habits while sitting will reduce any tension from accumulating. Good posture is a habit.
2. Neuromuscular Therapy with Trigger Point Release. Your therapist will be able to release the trigger points in the Splenius, in turn releasing chronic tension.